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'Lipan' (nut photo, shuck
form) 'Lipan' originated from a controlled
cross (Cheyenne X Pawnee) made in Brownwood, Texas, in 1986.
It was tested as 1986-03-0624 and released by USDA-ARS in 2011.
'Lipan' was released because of its high nut quality, high yield
potential, medium early nut maturity, and excellent scab disease
resistance. Pecans from this cultivar can be sold in-shell or
shelled to produce a large proportion of halves and large pieces.
In a 13 year replicated yield test at Brownwood, TX, 'Lipan' had
yields intermediate to 'Pawnee' and 'Desirable'. It appears to
be regular in its yield, increasing yields with increasing age
with little alternate bearing. Nuts weigh about 10.4 g each (44
nuts/lb) and shell out about 55 % kernel. Kernels are cream to
golden in color, with open, non-trapping dorsal grooves and a
rounded dorsal ridge. The nut is oblong elliptic, with a slightly
pointed apex and rounded base. Like its parent 'Pawnee', nuts
have greater height than width (laterally compressed). The shell
suture is very strong, and should be very resistant to splitting
if harvest is delayed. Time of spring budbreak is comparable to
'Pawnee' and 'Desirable'. 'Lipan' is protandrous, with early to
mid-season pollen shed and mid to late season pistil receptivity
(similar to Pawnee). 'Lipan' should be a good pollenizer for,
and be well pollenized by Kanza, Wichita and Lakota. Time of nut maturity is medium early
or about two weeks after 'Pawnee' and two weeks before 'Desirable'.
'Lipan' is resistant to scab disease, with medium susceptibility
to yellow and black aphids.
LJ Grauke , Research Horticulturist &Curator
USDA-ARS Pecan Genetics
10200 FM 50
Somerville, TX 77879
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